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Dry Eye

What is Dry Eye?

Dry Eyes Syndrome is a disease in which there is inadequate lubrication of the eye due to the poor quality of tears.

How Dry Eyes Syndrome is caused?

The tear film consists of three layers: Aqueous component (watery layer), lipid (oily layer) and mucin layer. If there is inadequate production of any of these, the tear film becomes unstable. In such conditions, the water evaporates fast and the eye becomes dry.

What are the causes of Dry Eye Syndrome?

Types of Dry Eyes

There are primarily two types of dry eyes. The aqueous deficiency and the evaporative type. The causes for both are different. Often patients have mixed mechanism dry eye which is a combination of the two types.

Water Deficiency

The tears layer consists of oil, water, and mucus. When the lacrimal glands, in the corner of the eyes, fail to make enough moisture it causes dry eyes.


The oily layer of the tear film protects moisture from evaporating. The meibomian glands are responsible for this oily secretion. Deficient production of this oil causes quick evaporation of water content causing dry eyes syndrome.

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

The most common cause of dry eyes is meibomian gland dysfunction. The meibomian glands produce oils for the tear film in a balanced proportion. When the quality or quantity of this oil production is disturbed, these glands fail to preserve tears leading to dry eyes syndrome.

What are the Complications of Dry Eye Syndrome?

In addition to be debilitating and significantly affecting quality of life of patients, if dry eyes are left untreated, they can cause abrasions and subsequent infections of the cornea and vision impairment

Dry Eyes Treatment Options

We offer several treatment options, both invasive and non-invasive. The choice of treatment is according to the individual’s needs.

If you experience the symptoms stated above, book your appointment and your doctor will evaluate the exact cause of your dry eyes. The quality of your tears, ocular surface health, blink mechanism, and your entire eye history is considered.


Over-the-counter eye lubricants or prescribed lubricants with omega-3 supplements are suggested to control the symptoms. Prescription drops targeting the inflammatory pathways are often in chronic dry eye syndrome. Autologous serum tears and amniotic membranes may be needed in severe cases.

Targeted Meibomian Gland Treatment

Procedures are pulsed light therapy, mechanical treatments to express meibomian glands may be needed in progressive meibomian gland dysfunction to restore tear layer and function.

Punctal Plugs

These are inserted in the tear duct to stop the drainage of tears and save them for lubrication.

Schedule your appointment with our physicians today!